4,000 Year Old Settlement Unearthed in Odisha!

Odisha | India | Unearthed | 20th August 2021 | Virtual Wire

Archeologists of OIMSEAS unearth a 4000-year-old settlement in Balasore District in the state of Odisha. Articles and pottery dating back to 2000 BCE are found and are believed to be belonging to three different historical periods.Archaeologists.

We’ve all heard about the Harappa civilization, one that flourished near the banks of the Indus River around 4700 years ago. There has been extensive research, excavation, and exploration that has gone into knowing more about this civilization.

The first major excavation for the Harappa Civilization took place in the early 1920s. Since then, we have been so fascinated by the lifestyle, trade and culture of people in the Indus Valley Civilization, that the discovery of another fairly developed ancient civilization almost felt impossible.

Believe it or not, archaeologists of OIMSEAS, which stands for the Odisha Institute of Maritime and South-East Asian Studies (Archeological wing of the Odisha State government) have made another astonishing discovery. In the Balasore District in the state of Odisha, OIMSEAS have discovered a 4,000-year-old settlement along with some ancient artefacts of that time.

The OIMSEAS sought permission for documenting the site at Durgadevi Village (located roughly twenty kilometres from the town of Balasore, in Remuna Tehsil) from the Archeological Survey of India after uncovering remnants of fortified ancient historic sites near the town of Balasore.

The first phase of excavation took place from March to May this year. The site has a circular mud fortification of about five kilometres between the Sona River to the South and the river Burahabalang to the north.

The goal of the OIMSEAS archaeologist’s excavation was to correlate the growth and development patterns of maritime activities along with an acute focus on the early cultural development in Northern Odisha.

The horizontal excavation was carried out over two acres of high land area, where there was a cultural deposit of about five meters. In the initial phase, scientific archaeological tunnelling was carried out in the selected trenches, which were roughly 2.6 meters.

Archaeologist and secretary of the OIMSEAS, Dr Sunil Kumar Patnaik informed that “While excavating, remnants of Chalcolithic bronze, Iron and Urban Culture were discovered.”

Perhaps the best part about this excavation is that archaeologists haven’t just found traces of one era, except, traces of three different cultural phases have been discovered at the site of excavation.

These three phases are