AI | Effect | 03rd September 2021 | Virtual Wire
Artificial intelligence is one of the emerging technologies that seek to simulate human rationality in AI systems. John McCarthy coined the term artificial intelligence in 1950.
‘Every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it. An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions, and concepts solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans and improve themselves.’ -John McCarthy.
Artificial intelligence is four types. There are reactive machines, limited memory, theory of mind and self-awareness. A reactive machine follows the very basics of AI principles and, as its name implies, is capable of perceiving and reacting to the world using its intelligence. A reaction machine cannot store memory and as a result, cannot report past experiences making decisions in real-time.
Limited memory artificial intelligence has the ability to gather information and store previous data and predictions while weighing possible results - looking to the past for clues as to what might come next. Limited memory Artificial intelligence is more complex and offers more possibilities than reactive machines. That is the theory of the mind - theoretical. We have not yet achieved the technical and scientific capabilities required to achieve the next level of this artificial intelligence.
AI will be the final step in gaining self-awareness. This kind of artificial intelligence has human-level consciousness and understands its own existence in the world, as well as the existence and emotional state of others. It can understand what others need not only in terms of what they want to communicate but also in terms of how they communicate it. Artificial intelligence affects the future of almost every industry and every human being. Artificial intelligence has served as the main impetus for emerging technologies such as big data, robotics and IoT, and will continue to act as technological innovators for the future.
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The Advantages of artificial intelligence are reduction in human error, take risks instead of humans, being available twenty-four hours into seven days, helping in repetitive jobs, digital assistance, faster decisions and powering many new inventions. Artificial intelligence also has some disadvantages. There are high costs of creation, making humans lazy, AI is replacing the majority of the repetitive tasks and other works with robots, human interference is becoming less which will cause a major problem in the employment standards, no emotions, lacking out of box thinking.
These are just some of the advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence. Every new invention or advancement will have both, but we as humans must take care of it and use the positive sides of the invention to create a better world. Artificial intelligence has the greatest potential benefits. The key to humans is to ensure that the “rise of robots” does not go out of hand. Some even claim that artificial intelligence can destroy human civilization if it goes into the wrong hands. But still, none of the AI applications of that magnitude can destroy or enslave humanity.