Governments | Difficult | Political | Economic Justice | 08th September 2022 | Virtual Wire
Justice can be defined as a set of universal rules that help people determine what is right and wrong, regardless of their culture or community. Giving each person what he or she deserves is what justice entails.
Economic, political, social, and legal justice are examples of several justice. Economic justice is a set of moral principles that drive the creation and structure of our economic systems. It refers to the equitable distribution of resources and opportunities to each citizen, indicating that wealth must be distributed fairly and equally. Power must not be concentrated in the hands of the wealthy. Providing equal pay for men and women and equal chances for employment and credit are all part of achieving economic justice.
Economic justice's ultimate goal is to free each individual from economic constraints to work to their full potential. Political justice means that all citizens, regardless of caste, race, or colour, are given equal opportunity to vote and contest elections. It is difficult for the administration to reconcile political and economic fairness. An example of a country can be used to demonstrate this. Previously, China was an overcrowded country with unequal land, resources, and power distribution. The number of people who were willing to work was more whereas on the other hand there were minimal job opportunities. This demonstrates the absence of economic fairness.
The government implemented a one-child policy to address this issue, which prohibits a couple from having more than one child. After implementing this policy, there was an improvement in the country's economic growth. However, their political justice was compromised as they were not allowed to protest against the government, and people could not live according to their whims. In China, there is a lack of political justice as only one party continues to be in power, and people are not permitted to contest the elections freely.
In Hong Kong, there is a lack of political justice, too, as China forcefully imposed its constitution on Hong Kong.
The anti-Beijing movement has resulted in violent conflicts, which have disturbed the city's social and economic order. There are more nominated members and fewer elected members, and people do not receive equal rights to contest the elections. There is a lack of economic justice in Hong Kong; a flourishing business Apple Daily got shut down in Hong Kong due to Chinese security laws. Income inequality and concentration of power in the hands of a few have been prevalent in the city. Hong Kong is an example of an economically unstable city despite being a communist city. This incident happened because there was a lack of political freedom and justice in the country, as both economic freedom and political freedom are correlated.
The rule of law, which does not bow to power but enforces justice and the independence of the government, is a critical component of economic freedom. Compared to other forms of government, I believe that a democratic country that upholds the rule of law can provide more political justice. The rule of law and fundamental democratic rights have enormous political and historical value because they enable smooth functioning. It includes individuals' right to participate in and influence society's development, with free and fair elections at its core. This can be seen in India, where people can freely protest against the government and respect citizens' political rights.
It is a country where everyone's opinion is valued and respected. For example, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi decided to implement new agricultural laws, many farmers in India protested for nearly a year. Finally, the government repealed the farm laws and expressed its heartfelt apologies to the farmers for the inconvenience. As a result, we can say that democracy is the voice of the people. I believe that a government can provide political justice by providing equal opportunities to vote and contest elections to all citizens, irrespective of their caste, creed, or colour. Economic justice in a country can be provided by implementing policies such as progressive taxation, eliminating the system of gender-based salaries, and raising wages for workers who have been paid low wages. The government must ensure that complete justice is provided to its citizens.