Breast | Cancer | Examination | 16th February 2022 | Virtual Wire
We all heard that breast cancer occurs to every 1 in 8 women at some point in their lives. but do women really have the knowledge to self-examine themselves.
Breast self-exam, or regularly examining your breasts on your own, can be an important way to find breast cancer early. Adults’ women are encouraged to perform breast self-exams at least once a month. LET’S LEARN TOGETHER!!
HOW TO DO A BREAST SELF-EXAM
Start with a visual inspection. begin by looking at your breasts in the mirror. Put your arms down by your sides. Look for any changes in breast shape, breast dwelling, dimpling in the skin or changes in the nipples. Next, raise your arms high overhead and look for the same things. Finally, put your hands on your hips and press firmly to make your chest muscles flex. Look for the same changes again. don’t forget to look at both breasts. If you see any of the changes bring them to your doctor’s attention immediately.
Use your left hand to examine your right breast and your right hand to examine your left breast. With the pads of your three middle fingers, press on every part of the breast. Start with applying light pressure, then medium and lastly firm. You should check for lumps if any, thick spots or other changes which you might feel is unusual. You should follow a circular pattern to ensure every spot is covered. Then, press the tissue under the arm. Be sure to check under the areola and then squeeze the nipple gently to check for any kind of discharge (this could be a watery, milky, or yellow fluid or blood). Repeat the same steps for the other breast as well.
Feel the breasts while lying down. When you lie down, your breast tissue spreads more evenly. Lie down and put a pillow under your right shoulder. Place your right shoulder arm behind your head. Using your left hand, apply the same technique as step 2, using the pads of your three middle fingers press every area of your breast tissue and your arm. Swap the pillow to the other side and perform the same steps for other breast tissue and armpit. Be sure to check under the areola and then squeeze the nipple gently to check for discharge. When you should see a doctor If you find any of the signs or changes by performing the steps mentioned above, you need not be a worry. But you should see a doctor once to be double sure.
See a doctor if you notice any:
Change in the look, feel or size of the breast.
Change in the look or feel of the nipple.
Dimpling or puckering of the skin.
Lump, hard knot or thick spot in the breast tissue.
Pain in one particular that won’t go away.
Rash on the nipple.
Swelling of one or both breasts.
Warmth, redness or dark spots on the skin.