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Child labour!

Child Labour | 07th October 2021 | Virtual Wire

 

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Child labour is a global problem with many countries of the world now releasing its grave consequences for the child victims and the society.

  • It is probably the most common problem in India as well as in all of South Asia.

  • The side-effects of working at a young age are risks of contracting occupational diseases like skin diseases, diseases of the lungs, weak eyesight, TB etc.

  • They grow up unable to avail development opportunities and end up as unskilled workers for the rest of their lives.


What is child labour?

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  • Child labour refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives children of their childhood interfere with their ability to attend regular school and is mentally, physically, socially and morally harmful.

  • Child labour" means making children do work that harms them in some way, e.g.

- Socially.

- Physically.

- Mentally.

- Morally or blocking access to education.


It is also a common sight to see children of poor families working in fields or elsewhere to contribute to the family income. Such children are deprived of opportunities for education and are also prone to health risks.



Concept of child labour

Picture -Concept of child labour


Every child has to do some works that are not harmful, rather that is helpful for better living for himself and for his family. For example- a child can help the parents and other family members by doing any work. The child is not forced to do these works. Children of the same age can form a team among their neighbours.



Child labour is a social problem

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Child labour is a social problem in Asia, Africa and third world countries or developing countries all over the world it is a socially accepted crime. Child labour. The term child labour is often as All those works that deprive children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity and that is harmful to physical and mental development.



Child labour in India

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  • Official figures indicate that are over 12 million child workers in India, but many NGOs reckon the real figure is up to 60 million. The number of girls involved is not much lower than the number of boys.

  • The largest number work in textile factories, roadside restaurants and hostels or as domestic workers. Much of the work, such as in firecracker or matchstick factories, can be hazardous, even if not, conditions are often appaling and simply rob kids of their childhood.

  • By a law introduced in 2006, no child under 14 should work. But like many laws in India, the problem is enforcement. 2 years after the ban, the Labour Ministry had carried out 12,000 operations but only made 211 prosecutions.


Types of Child labour

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  • Automobile workshops.

  • Street work.

  • Hotel.

  • Textile factory.

  • Agriculture.

  • Marble cutting.


Effects of child labour

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  • Risky labour is harmful to children's mental and physical health.

  • Because of excessive labour, they are attacked with infectious diseases.

  • A kind of mental reaction is created among the child labourers when they see the same age children going to school, playing and going on an outing with their parents.

  • They also crave these. So, the inferiority complex in the mind of the children results from unfulfilled demand.

  • Children cannot demonstrate their normal behaviour. They lose their esteem for society and its people.

  • A sort of ferocity and aggression is created in the minds of children. These children may become passionless, fearless and terrible.

  • The development of a child labourer is affected by malnutrition, sleeplessness and restlessness.


Reasons for child labour

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  • Poverty.

  • Unemployment of elders.

  • Overpopulation.

  • The tradition of making children learn family skills.

  • Potential illiteracy.

  • Failure of laws.


Causes of child labour

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There are many reasons behind child labour.


  • Because of economic insolvency, many guardians are compelled to send children to work instead of sending them to school.

  • If parents are sick or separated, sometimes children are compelled to earn money.

  • Children are being exploited in household work or in brickfields as children work at low wages addition.

  • Because of devastating natural disasters, many children drop out of school and work as child labourers.

  • Guardians discriminatory treatment towards male and female children also turns female children into child labourers.

  • Poverty is the main cause of Child Labour in India. About 30% of our country's population is leading life below the poverty line. They are deprived of basic necessities of life like clothing, shelter, food and education.

  • The children of these people will be forced to become Labourer's or workers in order to survive.

  • The government has not aware of the importance of education.

  • The government has not put its laws into practice to stop rampant Child Labour in our country.


Solution

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  • Awareness must be raised and parents should pay attention to the education from the state.

  • People should be made aware of their children's right to get free education from the state.

  • Child Labour Laws should be strictly put into practice.

  • Stop hiring children below the minimum age.

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