Climate | Environment | 22nd September 2021 | Virtual Wire
“Climate change is the big environmental problem that humanity will face over the next decade, but it isn't the only one. We'll take a look at some of them — from water shortages and loss of biodiversity to waste management — and discuss the challenges we have ahead of us.”
The third decade of the 21st century has begun and the environmental challenges we have ahead of us, set out in the UN's 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, are many. This global plan of action adopted in 2015 puts forward specific measures to achieve a world that is fairer, more prosperous and more respectful of the environment within ten years. In this regard, the UN itself warns that we are running late, and the question now is whether we still have time to save the planet.
CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION GLOBAL WARMING DUE TO CO2 EMISSIONS — WHICH ACCORDING TO THE UN HAVE INCREASED BY ALMOST 50% SINCE 1990.
It is accelerating climate change and threatens the survival of millions of people, plants and animals by causing meteorological events like droughts, fires and floods, which are becoming increasingly frequent and more extreme. This means we need to take measures to mitigate its effects and adapt to its consequences which, even if we keep global warming under 2 ºC as required by the Paris Agreements, will last for centuries.
POLLUTION PROBLEMS AND THEIR EFFECT ON HEALTH THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) ESTIMATES THAT 90% OF HUMANITY BREATHES POLLUTED AIR.
Calling for a reduction in air pollution to cut rates of respiratory illnesses, thus preventing seven million deaths a year. Contaminated water also causes major health problems and five million deaths a year according to Oxfam Intermón. The UN advocates eliminating dumping, minimising the use of chemicals and treating more wastewater, among other measures.
PROTECTING THE OCEANS