Afghanistan | War | 21st August 2021 | Virtual Wire
As the Taliban took over the entire nation of Afghanistan after twenty years, the longest war in the history of the U.S. has ended. It might not be the ending we hoped for, but certainly is the ending we all anticipated.
Just a few weeks before the arranged withdrawal of the American forces, the Taliban neatly took over the nation of Afghanistan and returned to power in Kabul, the nation’s capital on 15th August 2021. This obviously led to the crumbling of the Afghan Government and forcing thousands of civilians to escape the country fearing for their life.
The takeover over Kabul by the Taliban broke the last string holding the Afghan Government together. Taliban aggressively took over one major city after the other in just a matter of days. On the same day, Kabul was taken over by the Taliban, President Ashraf Ghani fled the country- almost as an invitation to the Taliban to take over his place at the presidential palace.
On Monday, thousands of Afghan citizens tried to leave the country, in fear of getting killed in retaliations- seeking refuge at Kabul’s international airport, which was held by foreign military forces trying their best to assist with evacuations.
The breakdown of the Afghan government after America spent billions of dollars and countless American lives, trying to build a stable democracy - was a very cruel and brutal end to the longest war in U.S. Military history. The Biden Administration has told their troops to “stay for as long as needed” for all American citizens, allies, and good civilians of Afghanistan to safely leave the country.
The Biden Administration has sanctioned 6,000 troops to be positioned in Afghanistan to help with the evacuation of Afghan allies and American citizens. Thousands of citizens have been thronging the airport desperate to leave the country, including many who worked for the U.S.-backed Afghan government or joined forces with American forces during the 20-year-old war.
A Taliban spokesman said on Tuesday the insurgents would not punish their former enemies, but the fear is still very palpable.
THE REASON WHY U.S. INVADED AFGHANISTAN
The invasion of Afghanistan was sanctioned by the U.S. President, George W. Bush, after the famous Al Qaeda 9/11 attacks on the Twin Towers. American Troops launched attacks on terrorist groups and Taliban Targets in Afghanistan.
At the time, the Taliban ruled over most of Afghanistan and they refused to cooperate with the American forces and did not turn over the Al Qaeda leaders who planned this attack from their bases in Afghanistan. The American president at the time, George W. Bush, addressed this in a press conference saying, “Taliban will pay a price.”
The plan back in 2001 was to disrupt all terrorist activities going on in Afghanistan and to attack the military competence of the Taliban rule. But, even then, it was speculated and stated by many experts that this was going to be a lengthy and difficult task to accomplish and that there were fair chances that the U.S. might never see the desired result.
WHY ARE THE AMERICAN TROOPS RETREATING NOW?
In April, this year, the American President. Joe Biden declared that the United States had long ago accomplished its mission of denying terrorists a safe haven in Afghanistan. He then went on to announce that all American troops would leave the Afghani soil by September 11.
To the Biden Administration (and many other experts) it is crystal clear that even after two whole decades of relentless war and struggle, The American Troops were unable to transform the nation of Afghanistan into a smooth sailing, self-dependant and stable democracy.
As one can imagine, the Biden Administration was bombarded with criticism for this call. In response to this criticism, Biden replied by asking “Let me ask those who wanted us to stay: How many more? How many thousands more of America’s daughters and sons are you willing to risk?”
THE REASON BEHIND THE IMPOTENCE OF AFGHAN SECURITY FORCES
The Afghan Security forces failed to hold off the Taliban from taking over the nation. This was due to many reasons that include:
* Desertion- people in the military unit deserted their jobs, seeing no point in fighting for a
* Low Recruitment Rates
* Poor Morale
* Theft of pay and equipment by commanders
* Unsustainably high casualty rates
On include average, the United States spent at least $4 billion a year on the Afghan military. Even after bearing such monumental costs, a classified intelligence analysis presented to the Biden Administration this spring said Afghanistan could fall largely under Taliban control within two to three years after the departure of international forces. Needless to say, the fall was much more immediate and heartbreaking than that.