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Galtung's Typology of Violence!

Updated: Aug 28

Galtung's | Typology | Violence | 26th August 2021 | Virtual Wire

Peace and violence have been debatable topics since time immemorial, and the world has drowned in blood for years in order to attain the peace through violence.

Violence has been justified on the grounds of religion, ethnicity, citizenship, territories, and many innumerable reasons. Known as the ‘Father of Peace Studies’, Norwegian Scholar Johan Galtung fostered a three-pronged typology of violence that addresses how the conjunction of pliable elements converge specifically social/recorded minutes to shape the conditions for the advancement of savagery and harm the peace of the world.


These are as follows:


Direct Violence

This form of violence includes threatening life, destroying, and harming one’s ability to meet basic human needs. For instance, bullying, sexual assault, killings, massacre, emotional and mental manipulation come under direct Violence.


Structural Violence

Addresses the methodical manners by which a few gatherings are obstructed from equivalent admittance to promising circumstances, products, and administrations that empower the satisfaction of fundamental human requirements.


These can be formal as in lawful constructions that implement minimization or they could be socially utilitarian however without legitimate command. For instance, the prohibition of marginalized communities or people of any particular religion from accessing medical facilities, educational, and occupational opportunities.


Cultural Violence

As the name suggests, it is a form of violence due to prevalent thoughts and certain religious or societal norms which justify the existence and acceptability of direct and structural violence. For instance, the belief of the British that Indians are an inferior race so the Indians are destined to be ruled by the Britishers can be termed as cultural violence.


The typology helps us in studying various subjects like multicultural studies, religion, and ethnicity. These typologies are further divided into subcategories. However, one must understand that the world can only survive on peace and peaceful dialogue.