Major Vitamins and Minerals: All You Need To Know!

Vitamins | Minerals | Information | 07th October 2021 | Virtual Wire

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Vitamins and minerals are micronutrients required by the body to carry out a spread of normal functions. As these nutrients are not been produced by our body, we need to derive them from the food we eat.

Alongside other nutrients, like proteins, carbohydrates and dietary fats, vitamins and minerals help our body to build up and bloom. Each of those 10 essential vitamins and minerals plays a special role in our overall health. Most folks get what we'd like in our daily diets, with different foods providing different vitamins and minerals, consistent with the National Institutes of Health’s Dietary Supplements fact sheets. However, some people may have conditions that need vitamin or mineral supplementation additionally to what they get through their normal diet.


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They're of two types:

  • The Fat-Soluble Vitamins: A, D, E and K.

  • Water-soluble: B and C.

Vitamin A

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Vitamin A helps to make our heart, lungs, liver and other organs working properly and is important for reproductive, vision and system health.


Salmon, broccoli, carrots, squash, green leafy vegetables, cantaloupe, apricots, mangoes, dairy products and fortified cereals.


Vitamin A deficiency can cause blindness. It also can occur when the gut can't absorb the nutrient.


Symptoms of a vitamin A deficiency can differ in severity. Some people may have adverse complications than others. Below are several possible symptoms you'll experience:

  • Night blindness.

  • Xerophthalmia.

  • Infection.

  • Bitot spots.

  • Skin irritation.

  • Keratomalacia.

  • Keratinisation.

  • Stunted growth.

Treatment: Treatment consists of diet modifications and supplements.

Vitamin B