Motivation | Driving Force | Lifestyle | 17th December 2022 | Virtual Wire
Motivation is a driving force that inspires people to take action toward a goal.
It is a psychological trait that compels individuals to work towards achieving their objectives, despite any obstacles or challenges they may face. Many different factors can influence an individual's level of motivation. These can include personal goals, desires, values, and beliefs. External factors such as rewards, incentives, and feedback can also affect a person's motivation. Several theories have been developed to explain the concept of motivation. One of the most well-known theories is Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, which proposes that individuals are motivated by five basic needs: physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness, love needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. According to Maslow, these needs are arranged in a hierarchy, with the lower needs (such as physiological and safety needs) being the most basic and essential for survival.
As individuals fulfil these lower needs, they become motivated to meet higher-level needs, such as the need for self-actualization, which is the desire to become the best version of oneself. Another well-known theory of motivation is Self-Determination Theory, which proposes that people are motivated by three basic psychological needs: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. According to this theory, people are most motivated when they feel that they have control over their own lives, feel capable, and feel connected to others. When these needs are satisfied, individuals are more likely to be motivated to engage in activities and work towards achieving their goals. Motivation can be intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is the drive to engage in activities for their own sake, simply because they are enjoyable or personally rewarding.
On the other hand, extrinsic motivation refers to the industry engaging in activities to obtain a reward or avoid punishment. Intrinsic motivation is often considered more powerful and enduring than extrinsic motivation. This is because it is driven by the individual's interests and values rather than external rewards or incentives. When individuals are intrinsically motivated, they are more likely to be engaged and committed to their work and to persist in facing challenges or obstacles. However, extrinsic motivation can also be compelling, mainly when used to support and reinforce intrinsic motivation. For example, an intrinsically motivated individual to play a sport may also be extrinsically motivated by the prospect of winning a trophy or earning a scholarship.
In this way, extrinsic rewards can serve as positive reinforcement that helps to maintain and enhance an individual's intrinsic motivation. One of the critical factors that can influence an individual's level of motivation is the work environment. A supportive and positive work environment can foster motivation and engagement, while a negative or hostile work environment can undermine motivation and engagement. To create a motivating work environment, providing individuals with opportunities for autonomy, competence, and relatedness is essential. This can include giving individuals the freedom to make their own decisions and take ownership of their work, offering challenging and meaningful tasks that allow individuals to develop their skills and expertise, and creating a sense of community and connection among team members.
In addition to creating a supportive work environment, other strategies can be used to foster motivation. For example, providing clear goals and expectations can help individuals to focus their efforts and know what they are working towards. Providing regular feedback and recognition can reinforce positive behaviours and achievements. And offering rewards and incentives can provide additional motivation to achieve goals.