Pink October: We need to talk about Breast Cancer!

Pink October | Cancer | 20th October 2021 | Virtual Wire

Picture -Salem Familymed

Learn about the most common type of cancer in women. The month of October is the time when the world wears pink for a noble cause: Breast Cancer Awareness and Prevention.

Pink October emerged as a movement in 1990, whose objective was to encourage people to participate in the prevention and control of the disease. This cancer is the most common type of disease in women worldwide and in Brazil, second only to skin cancer. With this movement, the campaign has been ongoing ever since. Therefore, prevention and awareness have been fundamental and helped many women to prevent themselves and diagnose the disease as soon as possible. According to INCA (National Cancer Institute José de Alencar Gomes da Silva), informs that each year the cases increase in a high number, this it is necessary to reinforce and alert women even more about how they can be prevented and which ones are the risk factors to contribute to a possible onset of the disease.

Risk factors

Picture -NRAS

  • Obesity and overweight after menopause.

  • Sedentary lifestyle.

  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages.

  • Frequent exposure to ionizing radiation (X-rays).

  • First menstruation before 12 years of age.

  • Not having had children.

  • First pregnancy after 30 years.

  • Not having breastfed.

  • Entering menopause after age 55.

  • Use of hormonal contraceptives (estrogen-progesterone).

  • Having had post-menopausal hormone replacement, especially for more than five years.

  • Family history of ovarian cancer.

  • Cases of breast cancer in the family, especially before the age of 50.

  • Family history of breast cancer in men.

  • The genetic alteration, especially in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.