Pink October: We need to talk about Breast Cancer!

Pink October | Cancer | 20th October 2021 | Virtual Wire


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Learn about the most common type of cancer in women. The month of October is the time when the world wears pink for a noble cause: Breast Cancer Awareness and Prevention.

Pink October emerged as a movement in 1990, whose objective was to encourage people to participate in the prevention and control of the disease. This cancer is the most common type of disease in women worldwide and in Brazil, second only to skin cancer. With this movement, the campaign has been ongoing ever since. Therefore, prevention and awareness have been fundamental and helped many women to prevent themselves and diagnose the disease as soon as possible. According to INCA (National Cancer Institute José de Alencar Gomes da Silva), informs that each year the cases increase in a high number, this it is necessary to reinforce and alert women even more about how they can be prevented and which ones are the risk factors to contribute to a possible onset of the disease.

Risk factors

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  • Obesity and overweight after menopause.

  • Sedentary lifestyle.

  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages.

  • Frequent exposure to ionizing radiation (X-rays).

  • First menstruation before 12 years of age.

  • Not having had children.

  • First pregnancy after 30 years.

  • Not having breastfed.

  • Entering menopause after age 55.

  • Use of hormonal contraceptives (estrogen-progesterone).

  • Having had post-menopausal hormone replacement, especially for more than five years.

  • Family history of ovarian cancer.

  • Cases of breast cancer in the family, especially before the age of 50.

  • Family history of breast cancer in men.

  • The genetic alteration, especially in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.

However, it is important to note that the presence of one or more of these risk factors does not mean that the woman will have the disease.

Breast self-examination

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This simple and important touch is essential for women to see if there is any lump or lump in the region. Contact with the breast can be made during the bath, when the woman is changing her clothes or in any situation where she feels comfortable in her daily life. With this habit of touching the breasts, many women have detected the disease, and thus, seeking medical help in advance. The earlier the disease is detected, the greater the chance of a cure.

How to take the exam?

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  • Place one hand behind your head.

  • Use the fingers of your other hand to touch the breast.

  • Perform circular movements starting at the nipple and extending to the armpit.

However, it is important to emphasize that this self-examination should NOT replace a visit to the doctor.

Prevent yourself and watch out for symptoms

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  • Lump (nodule) fixed, hardened, often painless.

  • Breast skin with redness, tight or orange peel appearance.

  • Change in the nipple (nipple).

  • Small nodules are located under the arms (armpits) or in the neck.

  • The liquid comes out of the nipples spontaneously.

If you have any of these symptoms or any type of change, however small, seek medical help. The symptoms listed may not always guarantee that you have the disease, so it is always important to have a medical follow-up.

How to prevent it?

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On average 30% of breast cancer cases tend to be avoided with prevention through healthy habits, such as regular exercise. Healthy eating proper weight avoids smoking and alcohol consumption. Always consult the doctor. Above all, given all the information, the sooner the disease is diagnosed, the more chances the person has of a cure. So prevent yourself, take care of yourself and keep your health up to date, so that the disease can be prevented.

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