Rehabilitation in India!

India | Rehabilitation | 22nd December 2021 | Virtual Wire



Rehabilitation is a branch of medicine that helps improve the condition of disabled people. In most cases, rehabilitation is carried out by a team of specialists in medicine headed by a physician.

The specialist may include nurses, psychologists, social workers, speech therapists, physical therapist, occupational therapist and various others. Rehabilitation makes a person with disabilities independent and gives him or her the will to live his or her life but in India due to poor education and poverty with the prevalence of communicable disease the rehabilitation schemes are not properly applied within the population. Special schools for the hearing impaired, visually disabled, those with mental retardation, cerebral palsy and poliomyelitis ; special residential settings for severely disabled. Situation is same in all developing countries.

However, NGO movement in the country has tried to address this through establishment of special schools. We see more than 3000 NGOs working in this direction. Government has also established many special schools and developed schemes for the welfare of the disabled. It is estimated that these existing attempts reach only 3 to 5 per cent of disabled population, which is more than 50 million in the country. Whether institution-based or community-based or whatever—disabled people are human beings with all the economic, emotional, physical, intellectual, spiritual, social, and political needs that other people have.


The main implication in this is that unless they are involved in planning and implementation of services, these services will always be inadequate in extent and in philosophy, whatever form they take. A disability programme, no matter how community based is not developmental unless disabled people play a leading part in its design and implementation. Proper awareness about the disease like poliomyelitis, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, prenatal care of mother and creating a environment where people come with their issues and are properly look after.

Identification of persons with disability, assessing their needs, assessing and accessing local/ external resources, training and education of community resource, disabled persons, their family members, creation of awareness among community members, organizing disabled people, their family members constitute some of the preliminary steps in initiating community-based rehabilitation activities. It is essential that we understand the social, cultural, demographic and economic profile of the community, make a community diagnosis.

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