Rules | Photography | 15th July 2022 | Virtual Wire
People have found it easier to take pictures with the sophistication of mobile phones. People took more photos in the 2010s, aided by the rise of social media sites such as Instagram and Facebook.
Phones have brought an advantage to photography, and that advantage is portability. I recommend that you start learning photography with your phone these days. As you begin to take photographs, you will realize that it is more than just having a camera; photography, like most arts, has rules that must be followed and concepts that must be understood to delve deeper. In this article, I'll take you through the basic rules of photography.
Rule of thirds
This rule applies not only to photography but also to drawing and painting. To understand the rule of thirds in photography, draw grid lines on your phone. According to the rule of thirds, key elements in your photograph or frame should be placed on any grid lines. This rule produces well-composed images. In the first episode of House of Cards, Frank Underwood breaks the fourth wall; if you draw a grid, you will notice that his eyes are at the intersections of those lines.
They aren't precisely lines (though they can be at times), but they help focus your attention on an important part of the image. They are frequently combined with symmetry to produce a stunning effect. Because our eyes are naturally drawn to lines, leading lines work. In Interstellar, Cooper chases a drone through a cornfield as an example of this.
When one half of an image mirrors the other, symmetry is achieved. Symmetry works by balancing your image and making it visually appealing. Symmetry is classified into three types: vertical, horizontal, and radial. A great example of Radial Symmetry can be found in 2001: A Space Odyssey and an example of Horizontal and Vertical Symmetry can be found in The Shining, where Danny is playing through the hotel hallways.
Headroom refers to the distance between the top of the subject's head and the top of the frame, but it is also used interchangeably with the lead room, nose room, or 'looking room' to refer to the sense of space on both sides of the image. In video composition, headroom is essential as too much of it can reduce the impact of your subject and too little of it can leave your subject looking choked. These are the rules I wanted to share with you; there are others, such as the golden ratio, frame within a frame, and the use of depth. The ones I've mentioned so far are the most important; I believe that anyone can learn how to take good photos or be a good videographer. These rules can also be broken to produce better work, but you must first understand them to beat them.