History | Colours | 09th September 2021 | Virtual Wire
Colour is a kind of perception that occurs when light reaches the retina of the eye in different ways. If all wavelengths reach the same eye, it is perceived as white, and if no light reaches the same eye, it is perceived as black.
I think that the history and meanings of colours, which cover all areas of society, is one of the most interesting subjects. Because it directs us throughout our lives, affects our lifestyle, psychology and defines our personality. Each colour represents a specific emotion. Colours give us endless freedom to express ourselves the way we want. This forms the basis of colour therapy. Probably, many people did not even know about the existence of colour therapy and colour therapists until now.
Colours have fascinated people for hundreds of thousands of years, but the history of taking this miracle of nature and putting it to our use is much shorter. The first artists presented the first pigments and dyes to humanity about 40,000 years ago. Made using natural materials such as earth, animal fat, coal, lime, the paints revealed a colour palette of 5 colours: red, yellow, brown, black and white.
Since the beginning of history, the variety of colours found in nature has increased rapidly since we started to express ourselves and transfer them to our daily lives and new pigments have been used in countless different areas. The variety of paints and colours, which have been a part of life for tens of thousands of years from cave depictions to the Renaissance, has reached incredible proportions today. This journey started with a modest 5-colour palette and now it is being continued with countless colours and different tones.
English physicist Newton succeeded in distinguishing colours by passing sunlight through a diamond primate in 1670, and thus colour science was accepted as a science. Howard Sun is the founder of the Living Colour organization. This organization researches colours in 1984. Thinking that every person has a colour that represents their spiritual characteristics and life, Sun has done a lot of research with his wife Dorothy Sun, a colour analysis specialist. These studies also attracted great interest in England.
Earth red is the first colour used as a paint in cave paintings and obtained from soils rich in iron and it is still one of the most preferred tones today. The red colour obtained by the Aztecs by crushing and drying the cochineal insects living on cacti towards the end of the 1400s was used frequently by many different civilizations, and even until the 20th century, the red jackets of the British army were painted red with cochineal insects.
Green, obtained from plant extracts, is one of the oldest colours used by humans as paint after red. In 1775, Swedish chemist Scheele discovered a new brilliant green based on resin and arsenic. Scheele green, which spread rapidly and became popular in the Victorian Era, brought some problems with it. Many artists have suffered from health problems due to arsenic, an extremely toxic chemical. Fortunately, green paints produced using the latest technology today have left their bad reputation behind. We no longer have to worry about health when dealing with paints.
Although it is the colour of the sea, blue is among the colours that are not very common in nature. The use of blue as the paint is quite new compared to other colours. Blue is not very common in prehistoric cave paintings, ancient Greek records or ancient Chinese stories. However, the ancient Egyptian civilization, which started mining about 6000 years ago and extracted lapis lazuli was the first civilization to use this colour by processing blue into the coffins of mummies. The use of blue became widespread all over the world, especially in the Middle Ages, with the depiction of the Virgin Mary in blue robes in many works.
White is a colour that we often encounter in minimal and simple designs. This colour has the same meaning in many cultures. White colour is used to symbolise purity, honesty, cleanliness, new beginnings, and peace. It also represents stability and continuity. White is often preferred in decorations because it is also one of the confidence-giving colours.
Moreover, white is accepted as a symbol of light and brightness in Islamic tradition, faith in Christian art, and death in African beliefs. In Western culture, a woman's wearing white represents purity. In China and Japan, it represents death, illness and funeral. In Australia, New Zealand and the USA, it represents happiness and purity.
The meaning of the colour black is quite broad. Black is a marginal colour and represents power, discipline, self-confidence and might. It is also known as the colour of determined people. When used too much, it turns into an image of melancholy. Black colour is also known as the colour of mourning and death, as well as a mystical and mysterious feature.
Unlike many other countries, it is a symbol of happiness in Japan. Black is the colour that brings the most concentration. To concentrate, Einstein would walk into a room with black curtains and no daylight.
The yellow colour gives positive energy. Yellow can also be called the colour of intelligence and mind. Yellow is the brightest beam of light used to express happiness, fun, vitality and creativity. It is a creative colour, but looking at a yellow object all the time can tire the eyes. Therefore, it is not recommended to be used in the home or office.
Yellow represents warmth in the USA, but infidelity in France. In Russia, it is associated with envy, while it is associated with pleasure, happiness, taste, and royalty in China. In Brazil, purple and yellow are perceived as symbols of sadness and despair.
Orange is an extrovert colour. It is a striking and heartwarming colour. It radiates happiness and dynamism as well as positive energy. Since the colour orange is the colour of vitality, joy, ostentation and pomp, it is said to be the colour of people who love life and living. At the same time, orange has the feature of accelerating metabolism and is a colour that gives courage and confidence.
It is the colour of love and passion. Red is the colour of action and is full of energy. An exciting colour, red is attention-grabbing and stimulating. In addition, it represents ambition, determination and willpower, and it has a nagging effect on people. For this reason, it is one of the indispensable colours of the food and beverage industry.
Red colours are often preferred in sales-oriented stores. Because red also symbolizes power. Red means bad luck in Nigeria and Germany, and luck in China, Denmark and Argentina. It reflects love in China, Korea and Japan, and desire and ambition in India.
The pink colour can take first place in the list of the cutest colours. It activates emotions such as meekness, sensuality and joy. It is also known to play an important role in calming angry people.
At the same time, the colour pink represents unconditional love, compassion, loving and nurturing. Although colours do not have a gender, it is known as the colour of women by many. According to some, it is a sensual and motherly colour. In Korean culture, it means faith, and in Eastern culture, it means marriage.
Purple has a mystical aura and it represents elegance and nobility in general. It is also the colour of passion, sensuality and romance. It is thought to increase cerebral activities and artistic thinking ability. In some cultures, it symbolizes sin and fear. People who are fond of purple are generally known for their spiritual and artistic features.
Purple is the colour of love in China and South Korea. It represents anger and jealousy in Mexico and sin and fear in Japan. Purple is also considered expensive in China.
Blue is the most reassuring colour. It slows blood flow, therefore it has calming properties. The colour blue also expresses feelings of loyalty, trust and responsibility. However, it can have an opposite effect depending on the tone used. Blue is often preferred by big brands such as banks and hospitals to give confidence. This is because it is often associated with calmness, peace, security and eternity, as it symbolizes the sea and sky.
Green and blue represent health. Blue is a colour that reduces the desire to eat, so fast-food chains do not use blue in anything. They also use blue colour and logo on all diet products. Blue is used because milk and dairy products are also healthy.
Blue is perceived as cold and bad in East Asia and Sweden, death in Iran, purity in India, and warmth in the Netherlands. Moreover, blue indicates femininity in Belgium and the Netherlands, and masculinity in Sweden and the USA. Arabs believe that blue stones, turquoise, slow the flow of blood. That is the reason why the evil eye bead is bluestone.
Green is the colour of peace since it is the colour of nature. The colour green has a feature as reassuring as blue. It represents the concepts of renewal and health in the mind of the person. It is also known that the green colour has a relaxing feature on tired people.
When green colours are used in decorations, they create an impression that relaxes the eyes and reduces the feeling of excitement. It is also known as the healing colour. For this reason, green is among the colours we see frequently in hospitals.
Green represents sickness and danger in Malaysia, jealousy in Belgium, happiness, love, trust and intimacy in Japan. According to scientific research, the human eye can not look at blue and green for a long time.
Brown is a colour that is among the most frequently used colours and it represents earth, solidity, fertility and trust. It is generally loved by physically sensitive and sensitive-skinned personalities. At the same time, it is among the most preferred colour in furniture. It can also be defined as the expression of maturity and naturalness. In Western culture, this colour means "wholesome, earthy, dependable, steadfast, health".
The brown colour makes people move fast. In a study conducted in Kansas, they made the walls of the art museum from changeable colours. They left the walls white for a while to show the difference between white and brown. When the walls were white, people moved slowly, then when they replaced the walls with brown, they found that people moved faster. For this reason, the chairs and tables of all fast-food restaurants are brown or champagne, with brown walls.
Colour therapy, also known as chromotherapy, is based on the idea that certain colours activate healing energies. The therapy uses the seven colours of the rainbow to heal and balance the mind and body. The colour spectrum consists of different frequencies and wavelengths of light energy.
Ayurvedic medicine uses the energy of colours to provide balance and healing. Colours are said to suggest certain healing qualities and the vibrations produced by each colour balance the person. Holistic physicians dealing with colour therapy often link the seven colours of the colour spectrum to seven specific areas of the body known as the chakras.
Colour therapy takes its source from Ayurveda, a type of medicine practised in India for thousands of years. Ayurveda is based on the idea that in each individual there are five basic elements of the universe: earth, water, air, fire and space. These elements are present in an individual in a certain proportion specific to that person's character and structure.
The disease occurs when the balance of these elements is disturbed by unhealthy living habits or by the influence of external forces. Ayurvedic medicine uses naturally occurring colours in the spectrum to restore this balance. Colour therapy was also practised in ancient Egypt and China. In traditional Chinese medicine, each organ corresponds to a colour. In qigong, healing sounds are associated with a colour, each in turn corresponding to a particular organ or emotion.
In yoga, the chakras form certain spiritual energy centres of the body. The therapeutic effect of colours is linked to the wheel they represent:
First (root) chakra: Red
Second (sacral) chakra: Orange
Third (solar plexus) chakra: Yellow
Fourth (heart) chakra: Green
Fifth (throat) chakra: Blue
Sixth (third eye) chakra: Indigo
Seventh (crown) chakra: Purple
A certain healing quality has been attributed to each of the seven colours of the spectrum.
Purple promotes enlightenment, disclosure, and spiritual awakening. Holistic physicians use the colour purple to calm the patient, relax the muscles and calm the nervous system. It has a relaxing effect on issues such as seeing delusions, being in a hysterical mood, alcohol addiction. Purple colour slows down an overactive heart and lowers blood pressure. It stimulates the spleen and accelerates the production of white blood cells. It reduces mental and emotional stress levels. It provides purification with a detox effect.
Indigo is also calming. It is said to strengthen intuition. Indigo regulates blood circulation and is an excellent toxin shooter. It is also useful for mental problems. Indigo stimulates the brow chakra and controls the pineal gland. It governs both physical and spiritual perception. It can be of great benefit in dealing with eye and ear ailments. It can be useful in controlling bleeding and boils.
"Blue Light is one of the world's greatest antiseptics," says Edwin Babbitt in his scientific study, "Principles of Light and Colour." Blue colour calms inflammations (including rheumatic inflammation), lowers fever and high blood pressure. It stops bleeding. Relieves serious headaches. Anger calms strong aggressive emotions such as aggression or hysteria. It relieves itching.
It has a healing effect for upper respiratory tract infections. Blue colour stimulates the throat chakra. The throat chakra is often referred to as the "power centre" and "the largest centre in the body" because it is the primary centre for expression and communication through speech.
Because it is located in the middle of the colour spectrum, green is associated with balance. Green is sedative and is used by Ayurvedic practitioners to treat ulcers. It improves hormonal imbalances. It stimulates growth hormone. It cleans and purifies germs, bacteria and toxic substances. It has a healing and regulating effect for digestion, stomach, liver, gall bladder and kidneys. It strengthens immunity. It helps build muscles, bones and tissues. It provides inner peace and strengthens the nervous system.
Yellow is a sensory stimulus associated with wisdom and clarity. The yellow colour is thought to have antibacterial properties and is used to stimulate both the digestive system and the lymphatic system. It is also beneficial for skin health. It allows the skin to take care of itself and accelerates the closing process of open wounds. It is good for depression and takes people out of the melancholy mood. Emotionally empowering.
Orange provides pleasure, enthusiasm, and sexual arousal. Ayurvedic practitioners believe it has bacterial properties and helps ease digestive ailments (for example, gas and cramps). It increases the amount of breast milk.
The colour red stimulates the root chakra just above the spine and makes the adrenal glands release adrenaline. This causes a burst of energy in the body. It causes the proliferation of haemoglobin, a substance in the blood, and an increase in body temperature. It can be a good solution for anaemia and blood-related diseases.