India | Delhi | 30th November 2021 | Virtual Wire
Museums are very vital to promote the nation’s rich heritage by presenting the visitors with a wide range and variety of collections of cultural, religious and historical value.
Museums allow us to preserve our collective history to study, research or simply gain knowledge. In a way, museums also provide a platform where people feel connected to their history and in turn, to each other as part of the same collective history, thus unifying people as national and even global citizens. Delhi, the capital of India houses some of the country’s largest and best-rated museums:
The National Museum of India or simply the “National Museum” is one of the largest museums of India. It is situated on Janpath, Delhi and was established in the year 1949. Its collection size is about 206,000 objects spanning over 5000 years. There are artefacts from the pre-historic era to modern works. The museum has various galleries such as the Harrapan Gallery, Medieval Arts Gallery, Miniature Painting Gallery, Evolution of Indian Scripts and Coins Gallery, Textiles Gallery, Arms and Armour Gallery, and the Wood Carving Gallery to name a few. Most of the exhibits are of Indian origin, while some are also of foreign origin.
National Gallery of Modern Art
The National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) is an art gallery and a museum situated at the Jaipur House, Rajpath, Delhi. It was established in the year 1954 and has two other branches situated in Mumbai and Bangalore. The Delhi branch is one of the world's largest modern art museums for its exhibition space of about 12,000 square metres. There are about 17000 works by some of the most famous artists like Rabindranath Tagore, Abanindranath Tagore, Raja Ravi Verma, Thomas Daniell, Nandalal Bose, Jamini Roy and more. The gallery consists of paintings, sculptures, drawings, photographs and installations by around 2000 artists.
National Rail Museum
The National Rail Museum showcases exhibits on the history of rail transport in India. It was inaugurated in the year 1977 and is situated in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi. It spans across an area of 11 acres and has been exhibited in an indoor building with six display galleries and a large open area to resemble the railway yard. Some of the exhibits include the Patiala State Monorail Trainways, Fairy Queen, Morris Fire Engine, Electric Locomotive 4502 and 4006 amongst others. The museum also has an auditorium, a VIP lounge, a restaurant and a souvenir shop.
National Science Centre
The National Science Centre is a science museum which was established in the year 1992. It is situated on Bhairon Road, near Pragati Maidan in Delhi. It is also a part of the National Council of Science Museums (NCMS). The National Science Centre is one of the largest exhibits in the world and spans across four floors. The various galleries include “Our Science and Technology Heritage”, “Human Biology – the miracle of Human Life”, “Fun Science”, "Emerging Technologies - A look into the future", and more to attract different age-groups of visitors. This museum is especially famous amongst the students for its excellent design and attractive exhibits.
National Gandhi Museum and Library
The National Gandhi Museum and Library is a museum displaying the life and philosophies of Mahatma Gandhi. It is also known as the “Gandhi Memorial Museum” and was relocated to Delhi after several other locations in the year 1961. It is situated on the Raj Ghat in New Delhi. The museum consists of Gandhi’s personal items, paintings, newspapers and books that are related to him. Some of the galleries are the martyrdom gallery, the commemorative gallery, along with art and a photo gallery. Some significant items in the museum include the clothes Gandhi wore during his assassination, his ivory toothpick, his walking sticks, the bullets that killed him, and more.
The library of the museum is divided into books by or about Mahatma Gandhi and books on other subject matters. Currently, there are around 35,000 books and about 2000 periodicals documenting the life of Mahatma Gandhi in the museum’s library. Some of the other popular and most visited museums in Delhi are the Gandhi Smriti, Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum, Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, National Philatelic Museum, National Crafts Museum and the Kiran Nadar Museum of Art amongst several others.